(Français) Histoire du Poker

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The first reference to the word poker in 1830 was Jonathan H. Green is in his book, An Exposure of the Arts and Miseries of Gambling where he played poker games that take place in the vicinity of steamboats navigating the Mississippi in the United States from the beginning of the 1820s. Poker is so well by his American origins. It is in China, in the tenth century that the Emperor Mu-Tsung invented itself based on a domino reminiscent cards Thurs In India, 600 years later a game is born, the Ganijifa representing similarities with poker. England, Bragg is a game that has a vocabulary close to the poker and where it forms combinations of cards. In Persia, the ancient Iran, XVII XVIII century AS Nas is set to 25 cards based only on the bluff and luck draw. In Germany, we play a game Pochspiel braggart with a choice of two actions. Move or open. On opening, it should hit the table and say Ich Poche! .. However, it was in France that the four colours spades, hearts, diamonds and clubs were invented.
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In the United States, poker is booming.

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1822. First American casino that opened in New Orleans. Then a few years later, poker becomes prohibited.

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1829. At dawn the boats of the Mississippi welcome poker games.

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1830. More than 1,500 professionals play poker on board its ships, between Louis City and New Orleans.

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1837. The traditional 52-card deck appeared, so players will be more than 4.

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1849. In the footsteps of gold seekers, poker runs in the Far West.

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1865. The end of the Civil War (1861-1865) saw the introduction of prints.

Soldiers also invented Stud 1870, meaning even the birth of poker in its modern form. Now, poker is taking shape with the conquest of the West. So the rules will specify. Finally, the first Saloon was founded in 1822 from Colorado, Wyoming and Utah. The Cowboys then traded their cattle, they drank alcohol ….. there was also gold-diggers, lawyers, railway … and all playing poker.

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Conclusions, the poker game has its etymology in French “Poque” imported by French. And so the modern poker was born.

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It was only in the 70s that Texas Holdem has emerged.

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Poker Variations

Poker is played in different variants that differ in the mode of distribution of cards. The cards can be common to all players or private. They can also be closed (visible only to the owner) or open (visible to all).

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Closed Poker

  • Closed Poker, or Draw
  • The lowball closed or lowball, or ace-to-five, or California lowball
  • Deuce to Seven, or Kansas City Lowball
  • Badugi (only game to be played with 4 cards)

Open Variations

  • Texas hold’em
  • Double Hold’em
  • Omaha
  • Aviation
  • Courchevel
  • Irish
  • Pineapple
  • Crazy Pineapple
  • Royal Hold’em
  • Studs (where some cards are open or closed)